# Average Number of Arms

Impossible
Unlikely
Likely
Very Likely
Certain

## Solution

Let's imagine a small town of 2,000 people.

Now let's say one of them only has one arm.

So the total number of arms is 3,999.

The average number of arms per person is:

number of armsnumber of people = 3,9992,000 = 1.9995

So 2 is above average!

We can now see that 1,999 of the people in our small town have an above average number of arms. They have 2 arms and the average is 1.9995.

If we meet one person at random from our small town, 1,999 out of 2,000 will have an above average number of arms.

The probability of meeting one of these people is 1,999 out of 2,000. This can be expressed as:

1,9992,000 = 0.9995

If the probability was 1.0 it would be certain that the next person we meet would have an above average number of arms. It is not 1.0 but it is close. So we can say that it is:

Very Likely that the next person we meet will have an above average number of arms.

Not quite what you expected, hey?